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European parking data agreement

DATEX II traffic management data exchange to work with APDS parking alliance

Mark Moran
12 October 2020

Alliance for Parking Data Standards (APDS), an international specification for parking data, will be adopted by the pan-European transport DATEX II data initiative. DATEX II is a data standard for exchanging traffic information between traffic management centres, traffic service providers, traffic operators and media partners. It contains, for example, information on traffic incidents and roadworks.

The DATEX II community has now decided to align and collaborate with parking industry stakeholders to revise the DATEX II parking model. A key factor in this decision has been the strong support demonstrated by parking operators, data platform and service providers for sharing common data via APDS  technical specifications.

APDS is a not-for-profit alliance founded in 2018 by the European Parking Association, the British Parking Association, and the US-based International Parking & Mobility Institute.

APDS is developing consensus-built international common specifications for parking data and kerbside management.

APDS contributors include parking operators, equipment and service suppliers. There has also been engagement with the automotive industry, IT developers and services, map data companies and app providers.

The DATEX II steering group said: “Timely, accurate parking and kerbside data for a range of mobility-related services is a growing requirement for local authorities and other stakeholders in the mobility chain.

“The volume of traffic in cities is heavily impacted by vehicles looking for parking spaces and making deliveries. Along with other measures to reduce traffic volume the provision of accurate and reliable information about parking spaces and delivery zones, their availability and how to reach them, brings major benefits in terms of reduced congestion and emissions.

“With this in mind the DATEX II steering group acknowledged that APDS is providing strong input in the development of industry led parking data standards and concluded that there is, therefore, no reason for DATEX to continue an independent data model for parking.”

The DATEX steering group decided to reconsider the DATEX II Parking Model, published as CEN/TS 16157-6, which is currently under revision, and to put APDS at the core. This decision means that public and private parking operators throughout the EU will specify and implement the revised DATEX specifications to support their operations. This will enable them to fulfill the obligations of the EU Delegated Regulations regarding the provision of data concerning truck parking and urban parking on the National Access Points.

It will also ensure alignment with the emerging ISO standards for parking data as the recently adopted ISO work item TS5206-1 Intelligent transport systems: Parking, Part 1: Core data model that is also based on the APDS specifications. The DATEX II and APDS work groups and the relevant ISO working group will establish a close collaboration.

From the public transport domain the CEN Transmodel/NeTEx standards support parking data as well. The initial work of the Joint Working Group on the Harmonization of Parking related Information Standards (HARP) sought and found topics of alignment and potential harmonisation between the three parking standards/specifications. These opportunities for harmonisation continue in particular regarding overlapping functionalities such as tariff, payment and reservation. These functionalities are especially relevant as they are also part of the Transmodel/NeTEx functions supporting data provision about availability and the usage conditions of new transport modes like car, scooter and bike sharing.

DATEX II, the European traffic management data exchange CEN 16157 standard series, is cited in the EU Delegated Regulations 883, 1926 and 962 as the reference standard regarding parking availability, tariffs, and pricing information, as well as the safe and secure truck parking information. The revised DATEX II parking model will continue to support these requirements fully.

APDS standard is on the ISO track

Work is under way on adopting the Alliance of Parking Data Standards (APDS) benchmark as an International Organization for Standardization (ISO) technical specification.

In April 2018, APDS approached ISO to consider the APDS standard for adoption. This would include establishing a global standard for parking data terms and definitions, as well as a common global baseline for parking applications.

The ISO development programme will follow a 24-month standard track, concluding with the review and adoption vote by the relevant national standards bodies. ISO is an independent, non-governmental network of national standards bodies.

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