Policies can have lives of their own
Ministers like to give the impression that their statements will set a long-term stable course for policy. But the reality is altogether different
Policy Determine and implementation are usually described as an ‘art’ (compared with the claims of ‘science’ for traffic forecasting and appraisal) and, if analytical techniques are ever used, they most frequently come from the fields of politics or sociology, relying heavily on description of the contest for power and influence among different vested interests. Nothing wrong with that, in principle, but there is what I see as an emerging new discipline of policy...