Rail Transport and the Environment
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By Community of European Railways
Placing environmental criteria at the forefront of transport policy has never been more important that it is today. Cuttin emissions of greenhouse gases has become one of the biggest politial issues in Europe, yet transport is proving the most intractable area to change, with emissions continuing to rise relentlessly.
The first part of this book gives a comprehensive overview on the different aspects of the rail sector's environmental performance and how it compares to other modes of transport. It looks at the current problems facing transport, the changes that are currently taking place within the rail system, and how specific issues such as local air pollution and noise are being addressed.
The second part examines how policy measures can support the railways' role in a sustainable transport system. It considers how taxes and subsidies can be used to greater effect to encourage changes in travel, whether the external costs of transport can be properly internalised, and looks at examples from Switzerland and Sweden of how policies are being put into practice.
The book has been put together by the Community of European Railways, which represents 70 railway operators and infrastructure companies across Europe.